With the emerging importance of ethnicity and the increased effects of segregation, Cubans within Miami attempted to reassert the Spanish language. In Miami, the Spanish language was spoken to a larger extent than in other cities with large Hispanic populations; also it was spoken in more diverse settings in Miami than any other city. Furthermore, the 1970 census confirmed that Miami’s Spanish-speaking population was 24 percent. The Spanish language was becoming a norm in Miami as it was more extensively spoken by Miami’s Cuban elite. Language became increasingly important in 20th-century Miami as a result of the Cuban influx and this had impacts on other non-Latin communities.
Essentially non-Latin communities began to oppose the rise of the Spanish language as a growing force within Miami. This can be seen in the anti-bilingualism/English Only movement. This movement came about in 1980, after a long period of vast Cuban immigration and social reform. Language was becoming a pressing issue as “Miami had the first bilingual public school program in the modern period (1963) and the first English Only referendum (1980)”. In fact the debates of English as Dade County’s official language led to violent and dangerous riots within the 1980s. Cubans felt that by preserving their language, they were preserving a fundamental component of their culture. In the 2000 census, 59.2% of people in Miami-Dade County said that they spoke Spanish at home.
The growing number and power of Miami’s Cuban population increasingly impacted African-American communities within Miami. In fact, “countless media and public reports portray Miami in terms of a fragile truce among Hispanics, blacks, and Anglos that threatens to dissolve into a full-blown culture war”.
"African American rioting erupted on four separate occasions during the 1980s in Miami. With the exception of the events following the Rodney King verdict in Los Angeles, Miami experienced the worst U.S. rioting since the 1960s when Liberty City erupted in violent protests in 1980. African Americans’ non-traditional protests and civil disturbances in Miami coincided with the social upheaval attendant on the arrival of 125,000 refugees from the Cuban port of Mariel". Although the link between racial tensions and ethnicity need to be further examined, African Americans nonetheless are impacted by Cuban immigration into Miami. Cuban Americans’ attachment to their culture further fuels the conflict and promote social fragmentation. Essentially, "racial tensions and periodic episodes of civil unrest in its ghettos"
|Anonymous said: ¡ANIMAL DE MIERDA! *smacks him hard on the top of his head* TRY GETTING YOUR DUMBASS KILLED WHEN I'M /NOT/ AROUND OR ELSE THE FUCKIN COPS'LL BLAME MY ASS! -FL|
Fuckin’… ah already done nearly killed mahself, why you gotta go an’ hit me for?
Fuckin’ asshole. Should feed ya ta a snappin’ turtle.
|devilwentdowntoga said: (Meme) HAH, dumbass.|
*scowls and flips him off* Keep choking on cock, asshole-
|heartofdixiecups said: *hi5* Keep it goin' with the cock jokes. I was kinda alone earlier with 'em. :')|
The gamecocks sure aren’t gonna let ‘I’m live it down for the rest of the games B)
At least we won and didn’t fuckin’ lose to the stupidgamecocks.
Bu’ naw, ‘m happy fer ya. Ya managed ta win a game ‘fore ya went a whole year without a win.
I know what yer doin’, but at the end of the day I didn’t still lose to the gamecocks tonight 8))